The Modern Middle East
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Problems in the Middle East

This little strip of land has caused a ridiculous amount of problems throughout the course of history.

This little strip of land has caused a ridiculous amount of problems throughout the course of history. (TheCuriousGnome, Wikipedia Commons)

Israel was considered the holy land given from God by the Jews but it was also holy to Muslims, too. The Crusades were fought over these lands by Christians and Muslims for hundreds of years. It has basically always been disputed territory. The Ottoman Empire controlled this region for a long time until their collapse after WWI.

After WWI, The British kind of took charge of it. They issued the Balfour Declaration in 1917 which said that Palestine will be established as a homeland for Jewish people but nothing will be done to take away the religious or civil rights of the Arabs already living there.

After WWII and the Holocaust, many more Jewish people began to move to Palestine. This obviously led to conflicts with the Arabs who already lived there. The UN passed a resolution in 1948 that would create two separate states, one for Jews and one for Arabs. The Arabs revolted and declared war on Israel. Israel, being backed by the U.S. had superior military strength and was able to hold its own.

Peace talks between both sides have never succeeded. They still continue to argue and launch small scale attacks against one another.

The Iranian Revolution began when the people overthrew the Shah Reza Pahlavi. Pahlavi was known to have many western influences and live an extravagant lifestyle. Ayatollah Khomeini, a religious leader, led the revolt and helped put in place an Islamic theocracy. He rejected western influences and anything that wasn't based on Islam.

 



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