January 2014

For each statement or question, choose the number of the word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement  or answers the question. When you have answered all 50 questions click the "get score" button to see how well you did!

1. These  headlines all relate to the economic concept of?
  1. Overproduction
  2. Interdependence
  3. Entrepeneurship
  4. Scarcity
2. Which nation is located on a peninsula?
  1. Brazil
  2. Philippines
  3. Saudi Arabia
  4. Australia
3. The  Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra were important to ancient India because they were
  1. high mountain ranges that protected India from invasion
  2. great rivers that flowed through India's fertile northern plain
  3. Aryan gods to whom the priests prayed for rain
  4. ruling dynasties that united the people of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
4. What was one of the most important contributions of the Greek city-state of Athens?
  1. development of direct democracy
  2. diffusion of a monotheistic belief system
  3. promotion of the equality of all humans
  4. creation of a writing system using heiroglyphics
5. Which belief system was the basis for the civil service exams given during the Han, Tang, and Song dynasties?
  1. legalism
  2. Daoism
  3. Buddhism
  4. Confucianism

Base your answer to question 6 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

6. Charlemagne’s 9th century empire covered territory which today would include the countries of
  1. Poland and Russia
  2. Spain and Portugal
  3. France and Germany
  4. Ireland and the United Kingdom
7. Which statement about the Islamic Golden Age is a fact rather than an opinion?
  1. Islamic medicine was more advanced than Chinese medicine.
  2. Poetry and literature were more important fields of study for Muslims than was mathematics.
  3. Knowledge of astronomy was used by Muslims to fulfill religious obligations.
  4. Islamic philosophies relied less on Greek philosophical masters than on Indian philosophical masters.
8. The early eastern European Slavic civilization at Kiev adopted the Eastern  Orthodox religion, the Cyrillic alphabet,  and  certain  styles of art  and architecture as a result of
  1. wars with Japan
  2. conquests by Mongol invaders
  3. visits to western European countries
  4. trade with the Byzantine Empire
9. China, Korea, and Japan share cultural similarities in part due to their
  1. clashes with Russian imperialists
  2. shared river systems
  3. contacts through trade
  4. unification under Mongol rule
10. The development of banking during the Commercial Revolution in western Europe was significant because it
  1. provided  capital resources  to merchants  for investment
  2. allowed  peasant   farmers   to   finance   the construction of new homes
  3. enabled   the   proletariat   to  challenge  the bourgeoisie
  4. created pensions for retired workers
11. In  general,  in  which  direction  did  the  Black Death spread during the 14th century?
  1. from Europe to the Americas
  2. from Africa to Southeast Asia
  3. From Asia to Europe
  4. from the Americas to Asia
12. One result of the Protestant  Reformation was
  1. fewer challenges to Church authority
  2. a decline in religious unity in western Europe
  3. the disbanding of the Jesuit order
  4. a weakening of the Inquisition
13.For which achievement is Suleiman the Magnificent best known?
  1. building the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
  2. spreading Christianity into the Balkan Peninsula
  3. conquering the Russian capital of Moscow
  4. uniting the Ottoman Empire under an efficient government structure

Base your answer to question 14 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies. …

In the 1930s, Sylvanus G. Morley of Harvard, probably the most celebrated Mayanist of his day, espoused [argued for] what is still the best-known theory: The Maya collapsed because they overshot the carrying capacity of their environment.   They  exhausted  their   resource base, began  to die of starvation and  thirst,  and fled their cities en masse, leaving them as silent warnings of the perils of ecological hubris [overconfidence].…
— Charles C. Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

14. According to this passage, what was a major question  Morley was trying to answer about the Mayas in the 1930s?
  1. Why did the Mayas abandon their cities?
  2. What   was   the   structure    of   the   Maya governments?
  3. How  did  religious  beliefs  affect  the  Maya economy?
  4. Which neighboring  city-state conquered  the Mayas?
15. Which  technological  development enabled European navigators to determine their location during the Age of Exploration?
  1. lateen sail
  2. astrolabe
  3. crossbow
  4. caravel
16. The Encounter  occurred as a 1result of European explorers crossing the
  1. Atlantic Ocean
  2. Sahara Desert
  3. Andes Mountains
  4. Mediterranean Sea
17. In  colonial Spanish America, which system was developed  by the  Spanish to support  plantation agriculture?
  1. barter
  2. encomienda
  3. domestic
  4. guild
18. What happened  in Russia as a result  of actions taken by Peter the Great??
  1. Russia was weakened by French invasions
  2. Catholicism was adopted as the state religion
  3. The Duma was reformed and the serfs were freed
  4. Russia borrowed Western ideas and expanded its territories
19. Which heading best completes the partial outline on British history below?

  1. Rise of Absolutism
  2. Beginning of Socialism
  3. Challenges to Papal Power
  4. Evolution of Parliamentary Democracy
20. Why is the Enlightenment considered  a turning point in world history?
  1. The factory system was used to mass-produce goods.
  2. Martin  Luther  broke away from the  Roman Catholic Church.
  3. Europeans  changed their thinking about the role of government.
  4. The Columbian exchange occurred.
21. One way in which Robespierre  and Louis XVI of France are similar is that both
  1. were removed from power during the French Revolution
  2. adopted ideas of the Congress of Vienna
  3. implemented  policies of religious tolerance
  4. decreased    government    control    of   the economy
22. One way in which Toussaint L’Ouverture, Simón Bolívar, and José de San Martín are similar is that they all were
  1. supporters of mercantile policies
  2. leaders of independence movements
  3. democratically elected leaders
  4. industrial labor reformers
23. Which geographic feature most aided England during the Industrial Revolution?
  1. desert climate
  2. natural harbors
  3. mountainous terrain
  4. monsoon winds
24. Mass starvation in Ireland in the 1840s led directly to the
  1. formation of communes
  2. granting of independence
  3. migration of people overseas
  4. usage of petrochemical fertilizers
25. One major reason European countries engaged in imperialism in the late 19th century was to
  1. gain  a  better   understanding   of  unknown territories
  2. ease tensions with their rivals
  3. develop treatments  for diseases
  4. obtain markets for their manufactured  goods
26. One way in which Emperor  Meiji of Japan and Kemal Atatürk of Turkey are similar is that they both
  1. crushed secessionist movements
  2. worked to modernize their nations
  3. conquered  eastern neighboring territories
  4. protested against economic sanctions

Base your answer to question  27 on the  poster below and on your knowledge of social studies.

27. This World War I poster is an example of
  1. diversity
  2. dissent
  3. toleration
  4. propaganda
28. Which development occurred in Germany as a result of the terms imposed by the Treaty of Versailles?
  1. Soviet occupation
  2. political instability
  3. overseas expansion
  4. economic prosperity
29. The original goal of Pan-Africanism was to
  1. demand democratic reforms
  2. encourage ethnic rivalry
  3. promote a united Africa
  4. divide Africa into separate countries
30. The establishment  of the independent countries of Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Yugoslavia was the result of
  1. the Franco-Prussian  War
  2. the Berlin Conference
  3. World War I
  4. the Munich Pact
31. Which  goal was most  important  to  the  Indian nationalist movement?
  1. independence from British rule
  2. establishing a laissez-faire economy
  3. forming a totalitarian state
  4. expansion of territory
32. Which geographic factor was most significant in helping the Soviet Union withstand German attacks in World War II?
  1. The  Ural  Mountains  served  as a barrier  to advancing German armies.
  2. Distance and harsh winters disrupted German supply lines.
  3. Extensive food-producing areas kept the Soviet armies well fed.
  4. Numerous ports along the Arctic Sea allowed for the refueling of Soviet transport ships.
33. Which   geographic   region   has   the   greatest number of members in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)?
  1. South America
  2. sub-Saharan Africa
  3. Southeast Asia
  4. Middle East
34. The economic policies of Mikhail Gorbachev  of the Soviet Union and of Deng Xiaoping of China included
  1. elements of capitalism
  2. boycotts on foreign products
  3. a one-child policy
  4. a reliance on agricultural self-sufficiency
35. What was the main reason refugees fled Rwanda in the 1990s?
  1. ethnic conflict
  2. expansion of the Sahel
  3. devastation from an earthquake
  4. Cold War tensions

Base your answer to question 36 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of social studies.

36. Which concept is being shown by this 2005 diagram?
  1. recession
  2. urbanization
  3. socialism
  4. globalization
37. What is one way the conflict between  India and Pakistan over Kashmir and the conflict between the  Palestinians and Israelis in the  Middle East are similar?
  1. Both conflicts concern territorial and religious issues.
  2. Hostilities    within    these    regions    were provoked by the United Nations.
  3. Both  conflicts  emerged   as  a  result  of  the breakup of the Soviet Union.
  4. Tensions  in  these  regions  were  caused  by efforts to remain nonaligned.
38. The creation of the European  Union (EU) and of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) were efforts to
  1. attain economic  benefits   through   regional organization
  2. achieve world peace through military alliances
  3. reduce resource depletion through economic planning
  4. address environmental problems through coordinated research

Base your answer to question 39 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

39. The data on this map suggest that HIV/AIDS
  1. originated in South and Southeast Asia  
  2. is declining in developing societies       
  3. requires global cooperation to solve the problem
  4. has been restricted to temperate  climates
40. Since 1999, what has been the primary role of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in world affairs?
  1. conducting war crimes trials
  2. protecting   Western   Europe   from   Soviet aggression
  3. lowering tariffs between member nations
  4. carrying  out  crisis  management   and  peace enforcement  tasks
41. Which current global problem was initiated with the development of nuclear weapons?
  1. threats   to  world  peace  from  unrestricted nuclear proliferation
  2. increased health risks for humans and animals from industrial pollution
  3. elevated  carbon  dioxide in  the  atmosphere due to the deforestation of the rainforests
  4. changes   in  world  weather   patterns   and species habitats due to melting polar ice caps
42. The   Neolithic   Revolution   is   most   closely associated with
  1. using child labor in factories
  2. domesticating plants and animals
  3. learning to control fire
  4. developing iron technology
43. Which sequence  places these laws in the correct chronological order?
  1. Code  of Hammurabi  → Justinian  Code  → Napoleonic Code → Twelve Tables
  2. Justinian    Code    →   Twelve   Tables    → Napoleonic Code → Code of Hammurabi
  3. Code  of  Hammurabi   →  Twelve  Tables  → Justinian Code → Napoleonic Code
  4. Twelve Tables → Napoleonic Code → Code of Hammurabi  → Justinian Code
44. Which philosophy that was developed during the Renaissance  is associated  with  a  shift  in  focus away from religious subjects toward more secular subjects?
  1. humanism
  2. absolutism
  3. communism
  4. scholasticism

Base your answer to question 45 on the statement below and on your knowledge of social studies.

… I conclude, then, returning to being feared and loved, that  since men  love at their  convenience and fear at the convenience of the prince, a wise prince should found himself on what is his, not on what is someone else’s; he should only contrive to avoid hatred, as was said.

45. This statement  is taken from the written work of
  1. John Locke
  2. Niccolò Machiavelli      
  3. Adam Smith
  4. Ignatius Loyola
46. One similarity in the rule of Akbar the Great and the rule of Elizabeth I is that both leaders implemented  policies that encouraged
  1. compulsory education  
  2. military disarmament       
  3. voter participation
  4. religious toleration
47. One way in which the caste system in traditional India and the Estates system of pre-revolutionary France are similar is that
  1. occupations were attained by merit  
  2. social mobility was very limited       
  3. status was determined by education
  4. impact on the daily lives of people was minimal

• Opium War (1839–1842)
• Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864)
• Boxer Rebellion (1898–1901)

48. This series  of events  is most closely associated with the
  1. spread of communism to China and Korea  
  2. growing concerns about the influence of the West in China       
  3. alliance formed between Vietnam and China
  4. increasing  expansion  of  civil  and  political rights in China
49. Forced  famine  in  Ukraine  (1932–1933)  was a direct result of
  1. Czar Nicholas’s involvement in World War I  
  2. Vladmir Lenin’s New Economic Policy       
  3. Joseph Stalin’s collectivization
  4. Nikita Khrushchev’s removal from power

“River of Sorrows Floods Again”

“Thousands Missing After Huang He Overflows”

“Over 10 Million Reported Homeless After 1931

50. These newspaper  headlines  describe  the  effects of geography on the people of
  1. China 
  2. Japan      
  3. India
  4. Vietnam

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