Islamic Empires

Islamic Empires

Map of the Umayyad dynasty in 750.

The extent of the Umayyad dynasty in 750 CE. (William R. Shepherd, The General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin)

The Umayyad dynasty controlled most of the Middle East across north Africa and even into Spain. The capital was located in Mecca.

The Abbassid dynasty replaced the Umayyad dynasty and also controlled most of the Middle East and north Africa. The Abbassid capital city was located in Baghdad, Iraq.

The Safavid dynasty was located in Persia (modern day Iran). They were Shiite Muslims and ruled much later than the Umayyads or the Abbassids.

These empires are known for their achievements like Algebra, advanced medical techniques, hospitals, and preserving Greek and Roman ideas.


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