Ancient Greece

The Parthenon in Athens

The Parthenon was the primary place of worship for the people of Athens. All Greeks spoke the same language and worshipped the same gods, making them polytheistic. (Dimboukas, Wikipedia Commons)

The geography of Greece can best be described as an archipelago or a chain of islands in the Mediterranean Sea. Its mountainous terrain made it difficult to farm and encouraged the development of city-states and sea trade.

The two most powerful city-states of ancient Greece were Athens and Sparta. People from Athens mostly focused on the arts and culture. They developed democracy, philosophy, theater, and realistic human sculpture. People from Sparta focused on military strength. Boys in Sparta started training for the army as early as age 7. Sparta was ruled by a king and the people had to obey strict laws.

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