England vs France

England v France

King John of England is forced to sign the Magna Carta in 1215.

King John of England is forced to sign the Magna Carta in 1215. (John Cassell, Cassell's History of England)

England and France take very different paths in this era.

In England, the king's power decreased. The English forced King John to sign the Magna Carta in 1215 which stated that those of noble birth are not above the laws of the land. Parliament in England gains the "power of the purse" or the control of the money in England. English Common Law is developed that everybody, noble or not, must follow. Henry VIII embraces the Reformation and creates the Church of England.

In France, the king's power increases. The king gains more power and controls the money supply. The king is in charge of calling the legislative body (The Estates General) but he rarely does. France remains overwhelmingly Catholic. The French kings eventually adopt the idea of Divine Right or that the king was put in charge by God.


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