The Crusades

The Crusades

The recapture of Jerusalem, as pictured above marked the 1st Crusade as a success.

The recapture of Jerusalem, as pictured above marked the 1st Crusade as a success. Christians and Muslims would each claim victory after years of fighting against each other. (NK, Wikipedia Commons)

The Crusades were a series of wars between European Christians and Middle Eastern Muslims. Pope Urban II called for the first crusade in 1095 CE.

Causes of the Crusades:

Pope Urban II wanted to unite Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christians back together after the Great Schism.

Christians in western Europe wanted to reclaim the holy lands of Jerusalem from the Muslims that were currently living there.

Pope Urban II also offered any Christian who went to the Middle East a total remission (forgiveness) of their sins. These would later be called indulgences and become a major problem for the Catholic Church during the Reformation.

Effects of the Crusades:

Trade between Europe and the Middle East increased.

Cultural Diffusion. Ideas and goods were brought back to Europe from the Middle East.

The Pope and European kings gain more power.

Feudalism ends.

 




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