The Hall of Mirrors in the palace of Versailles.

The Hall of Mirrors in the palace of Versailles. Absolute monarchs like Louis XIV spared no expense on their extravagant lifestyles. (Myrabella, Wikipedia Commons)

An absolute monarch is king (or queen) who has complete control of everything that happens in his kingdom. They have absolute power to do whatever they want to.

Abosulte rulers = autocrats

Absoulte rulers you should probably know:

Ackbar the Great (1556-1605) - India. Developed one of India's golden ages and life was peaceful and prosperous for Indians during his rule.

Louis XIV (1643-1715) - France. Was known as the Sun King. He created the palace at Versailles and took power from the nobles. "I am the State".

Charles V (1516-1556) - Spain. He was not only the king of Spain but also the Holy Roman Emperor. He is known for stopping the Ottoman Empire advances in Europe and playing a key role in the Counter-Reformation against the Protestants.

Phillip II (1556-1598) - Spain. He spent money from exploration defending Catholicism in Europe against the Reformation. Spanish power of the seas starts to decline after the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588.

Peter the Great (1682-1725) - Russia. Peter modernized or westernized Russia. Europeans came and taught Russians how to be more modern. Built Russia into an empire.


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